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Researches Medical sociology and HIV/AIDS
Knowledge, attitude, belief and practice of groups of inhabitants in Quang Ninh, Binh Dinh and Can Tho concerning HIV/AIDS prevention

Knowledge, attitude, belief and practice of groups of inhabitants in Quang Ninh, Binh Dinh and Can Tho concerning HIV/AIDS prevention

 

Vu Thi Minh Hanh et al

Place of publication: Health sociology centre - Ho Chi Minh National political institute

Year of publication: 1997

 

Objectives: To evaluate the real situation of KABP of inhabitants groups about HIV/AIDS prevention and the influence of socio-economic factors o­n this situation; To propose some recommendations for adjustment and improvement of communication messages contents and selection of the suitable and effective information channel.

Subjects: People at the age 15-49. The study was conducted in three provinces: Quang Ninh, Binh Dinh, Can Tho.

Methods: Collection of available information, in-depth interview, group discussion and survey using questionnaires.

Findings: Television is the most accessed channel of communication (71,9%) and the access is mostly between 19-22 o'clock. The information about HIV/AIDS can reach most inhabitants. However, the number of people with regular access is not high, o­nly 46,8% and the proportion is higher for males than for females.

The community has realized the danger of the disease. There is a difference in the knowledge about HIV in occupation groups and areas of living. The majority are aware of high risk behaviours. Nearly 30% are not aware of the situation of HIV/AIDS infection in their area of living. 83,39%express a moderate attitude toward infected people, but 16,61% show discrimination and avoidance. Nearly 56% of the people asked used condoms when having sex, but o­nly a quarter of them used condoms regularly.

Recommendations: Continue to publish messages about the ways ofHIV infection, methods of prevention, exact and updated information about the situation of infection in each locality; Diversify means of communication, promote the role of all means of communication, both formal and informal; Increase the transmission of informationabout HIV/AIDS prevention to disadvantageous groups of subjects; Focusing o­n propaganda and education about HIV/AIDS prevention in rural areas; Diversify the sources of condoms provision.

03/08/2006
 
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