The survey and evaluation is conducted according to Decision 238/QD-TCDS dated 27/10/2009 by the Director General of the General Department of Population, Family Planning (GDPFP) to meet the implementation requirements of Project 52, in accordance with Prime Ministerial Decision 52/2009/QD-TTg dated 09/4/2009, which approves the Project on Population control in sea, islands and coastal line areas in 2009-2020.
The survey on Population - Family Planning (PFP) is a ministerial level research, which was carried out between 2010 and 2011. The survey provided an overall assessment of the organizational status, policies, investment resource at different levels in 63 provinces/cities. In addition, in-depth findings are given on the disadvantages, advantages of organizational models, management mechanism and technical activities on PFP at different levels in 8 provinces/cities representing 3 regions of the country
To improve the quality of Vietnamese population, in Chapter 3 on quality of population, Population Ordinance in 2003, Article 23 (reproduction support measures) stipulates: “The Government encourage and create conditions for young male and female to have health check before getting married…”. This shows that the Government has been implementing policies to encourage and support young man and woman to have health check before marriage to screen genetic diseases, ensure healthy newborns and contribute to improve the health, physical status of the future generation. According to this regulation, pre-marital health check is being implemented in encouragement angle.
Management of population/family planning (PFP) and reproductive health care is concerned at different levels among nations, depending on development level and time. In the world there are two models:
(1) In developed countries when people have knowledge and pay for PFP services, this role is responsible by the health sector.
(2) In developing countries with high population growth, this job is responsible by the multisectoral committee.
Vietnam has been through many government PFP management models. In 1961 it is the Family Planning Board, followed by the Board for Protection of Mothers and Children in 1963. In 1978 the Ministry of Health takes over the responsibilities. In 1984, the Population and Family Planning Committee (PFPC) is established. Since 1993 the PFPC has operated independently and attached directly to the Government. In 2002 the Committee for Population, Family and Children (CPFC) is established as a ministry-ranking agency. Following the Decision 1001/2007/QD-TTg the population and family planning (PFP) functions are transferred to MOH. In the context of system change, the Health Strategy and Policy Institute (HSPI) is assigned with the task of conducting ”overall investigation of the population and family planning (PFP) network”.